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Fun Country Facts for Kids

English FlagEngland Facts for Kids

Learn some interesting information about England while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids!

Read about the famous scientists England has produced, its islands, rivers, mountains, major cities, population and much more.

  • England is the most populated country in the United Kingdom. The other countries that make up the United Kingdom are Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

  • England is bordered by Wales to the west and Scotland to the north.

  • The population of England in 2023 was around 57 million.

  • The capital city of England is London. Other major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool, Newcastle and Leeds.

  • England includes many small islands such as the Isle of Wight and Hayling Island.

  • There is only a 34 kilometre (21 mile) gap between England and France and the countries are connected by the Channel Tunnel which opened in 1994.

  • England was the first industrialized nation after the industrial revolution that began around 1760.

  • The English rail system is the oldest in the world, with the first passenger railway opening to the public in 1825.

  • Famous English scientists include Charles Darwin, Michael Faraday, Isaac Newton, Rosaland Franklin and Stephen Hawking among many others.

  • The longest river in the United Kingdom is the River Severn. Located in England and Wales, it stretches around 354 kilometres (220 miles) in length.

  • The longest river found entirely in England is the River Thames, it flows through London and is slightly shorter than the River Severn at around 346 kilometres (215 miles) in length.

  • The largest lake in England is named Windermere.

  • The highest mountain in England is Scafell Pike, which stands at around 978 metres (3,209 ft) in height.

  • England has a large economy and uses the pound sterling as its currency.

  • English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee is credited with inventing the World Wide Web.

  • There have been a number of influential English authors but perhaps the most well known is William Shakespeare, who wrote classics such as Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth and Hamlet.

  • English drivers use the left-hand side of the road.

  • Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in England but others such as cricket and rugby have large followings.

  • The Summer Olympic Games have been held in London 3 times, in 1908, 1948 and 2012.

  • The official London home of the British monarch (king or queen) is Buckingham Palace.

  • For more information, check out maps of England or take a closer look at the English flag.

Map of England
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