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Russian National FlagRussia Facts for Kids

Learn some interesting information about Russia while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids!

Read about the major cities in Russia, its borders, language, population, currency, natural resources, mountains, rivers, history and much more.

  • The official name for Russia is the Russian Federation.

  • Russia shares borders with many countries, including China, Ukraine, North Korea and Norway.

  • In terms of land area, Russia is the largest country in the world.

  • Russia is located across 9 time zones.

  • At the beginning of 2023, Russia was estimated to have a population of around 146 million.

  • Russian is the official language of Russia but there are many other languages used in various parts of the country.

  • The capital and largest city in Russia is Moscow. Other major cities in Russia include Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and Novosibirsk.

  • Russians drive on the right-hand side of the road.

  • The currency used in Russia is the ruble.

  • Russia has a wide range of natural resources and is one of the world’s largest producers of oil.

  • The world’s first satellite, named Sputnik, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957.

  • The Soviet Union (USSR) was a socialist state that occupied much of northern Asia and eastern Europe from 1922 until it was dissolved in 1991. Former Soviet states include Lithuania, Georgia, Latvia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and others.

  • The official residence of the Russian president is the Kremlin in Moscow. The name Kremlin means fortress.

  • Russia is one of 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council, along with the US, UK, China and France.

  • Russia has over 40 national parks and 100 wildlife reserves.

  • Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world. It reaches 1642 metres (5,387 feet) in depth and contains around 20% of the world’s unfrozen fresh water.

  • Mount Elbrus is the highest mountain in Russia (and Europe), it reaches a height of 5642 metres (18,510 feet).

  • Russia’s Volga River is the longest in Europe, with a length of around 3690 kilometres (2293 miles).

  • Russia has the world’s largest area of forests.

  • Russia produces a large amount of renewable energy thanks to its well developed hydropower stations.

  • Moscow hosted the 1980 Summer Olympic Games while Sochi hosted the 2014 Winter Olympics.

  • Basketball, ice hockey and football (soccer) are popular sports in Russia.

  • Russians drive on the right-hand side of the road.

  • For more information, check out maps of Russia or take a closer look at the Russian flag.

Map of Russia
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