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Fun Country Facts for Kids

Finnish National FlagFinland Facts for Kids

Learn some interesting information about Finland while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids!

Read about the capital city, population, currency, language, wildlife, history, famous inventions, popular sports, and much more.

  • The official name of Finland is the Republic of Finland.

  • Finland is the most sparsely populated country within the European Union.

  • The official languages of Finland are Finnish, native to 90% of the population and Swedish, native language to 5.4% of the population. The indigenous Sami language is an official language in the area of northern Lapland.

  • The population of Finland is over 5.5 million as of 2023.

  • Helsinki is the capital and largest city of Finland.

  • In the far north of Lapland on the Finland and Norway border is the highest point in the country, the mountain Halti at 1,324 metres (4,344 ft).

  • Between the 12th and 19th centuries, Finland was part of Sweden, before it became a part of the Russian Empire until gaining independence during the Russian Revolution in 1917.

  • Finland has thousands of lakes (about 188,000) and islands (about 179,500) leading to the nickname for the country "Land of the Thousand Lakes".

  • Another nickname for Finland is "land of midnight sun". During summer the sun does not drop below the horizon in the north instead shining all day and night.

  • Finland has some interesting and unique wildlife including the gray wolf, wolverine, elk, its national animal the brown bear and national bird the whooper swan.

  • Forests including pine, spruce, and birch cover over 86% of Finland, making the country the largest forested area and largest producer of wood, in all of Europe.

  • Finnish software engineer Linus Torvalds, created the open-source operating system called Linux.

  • Telecommunications company Nokia is from Finland, it is headquartered in Espoo, and is one of the world's largest manufacturers of mobile phones.

  • There are millions of saunas in Finland and they are very popular, most homes feature their own.

  • Rovio Entertainment, creators of the phone app Angry Birds are from Finland.

  • Drivers use the right-hand side of the road in Finland.

  • Karelian pasty is a traditional Finnish dish made from a rye crust filled with rice.

  • Finland ranked number one out of all countries in the 2022 World Happiness Report.

  • The national sport of Finland is called Pesapallo, which is a bit like baseball.

  • By gold medals won per capita, Finland is the most successful country in Olympic history. Success in javelin throw and distance running with the "Flying Finn" Hannes Kolehmainen in 1912 (won 3 gold medals), and another "Flying Finn" Paavo Nurmi in 1920, 1924, 1928 (won 9 gold medals) has helped contribute to the success.

Map of Finland
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