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Venezuelan National FlagVenezuela Facts for Kids

Learn some interesting information about Venezuela while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids!

Read about the population, borders, history, capital city, currency, land features, wildlife, native plants, national dance and much more.

  • Venezuela is officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

  • Venezuela is on the northern coast of South America, it covers an area of 916,445 km² (353,841 mi²) making it the 33rd largest country in the world by land mass.

  • Venezuela shares a land border with Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south. Off its Caribbean Coastline lies the island nations of Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, Curaçao, and Aruba.

  • There are around 29 million people living in Venezuela as of 2023.

  • The capital and largest city of Venezuela is Caracas (officially called Santiago de Leon de Caracas), which is home to nearly 2 million people.

  • Pico Bolivar is the highest mountain in Venezuela, at 4,979 m (16,335 ft) it sits in the northern extension of the Andes mountain range in the west of Venezuela.

  • The worlds tallest waterfall, Angel Falls, is located in Venezuela.

  • The northern fringe of the Amazon Basin is located in Southern Venezuela.

  • Venezuela is considered one of the seventeen megadiverse countries that contain most of Earth's species.

  • Venezuela is home to many weird and interesting animals including manatees, the Giant anteater, Three-toed sloth, Two-toed sloth, jaguar, Amazon river dolphins, Orinoco crocodiles and the worlds largest rodent the capybara.

  • Venezuela has over 1400 bird species, including kingfishers, ibises, ospreys, and its national bird the yellow-orange Venezuelan Troupial.

  • There are over 25,000 species of orchids in Venezuela, including the country's national flower 'flor de mayo orchid'.

  • Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522. It declared independence from Spanish rule in 1811, on July 5th (its celebrated National Day). The country secured independence as part of the Republic of Gran Colombia in 1821, and became its own independent republic in 1830.

  • Venezuela has one of the largest natural gas reserves and has the 2nd largest oil reserve in the world, it is one of the worlds top ten crude oil exporters.

  • The currency of Venezuela is called the bolivar fuerte.

  • Spanish is the official language in Venezuela but over 30 other indigenous languages are officially recognised including Wayuu, Warao, and Pemon.

  • A type of small guitar called the cuatro is the national instrument of Venezuela. and the national dance of Venezuela is the waltz-like dance called joropo.

  • Drivers use the right-hand side of the road in Venezuela.

  • Baseball is Venezuela's most popular sport, there has been a professional baseball league in the country since 1945.

  • The Venezuelan flag is colored yellow, blue and red. The yellow is for land wealth, the blue for the sea that separates Venezuela from Spain, and the red represents the blood shed by the heroes of independence.

Map of Venezuela
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